Linking the Response Properties of Cells in Auditory Cortex with Network Architecture: Cotuning versus Lateral Inhibition

Journal Article

The frequency-intensity receptive fields (RF) of neurons in primary auditory cortex (AI) are heterogeneous. Some neurons have V-shaped RFs, whereas others have enclosed ovoid RFs. Moreover, there is a wide range of temporal response profiles ranging from phasic to tonic firing. The mechanisms underlying this diversity of receptive field properties are yet unknown. Here we study the characteristics of thalamocortical (TC) and intracortical connectivity that give rise to the individual cell responses. Using a mouse auditory TC slice preparation, we found that the amplitude of synaptic responses in AI varies non-monotonically with the intensity of the stimulation in the medial geniculate nucleus (MGv). We constructed a network model of MGv and AI that was simulated using either rate model cells orin vitroneurons through an iterative procedure that used the recorded neural responses to reconstruct network activity. We compared the receptive fields and firing profiles obtained with networks configured to have either cotuned excitatory and inhibitory inputs or relatively broad, lateral inhibitory inputs. Each of these networks yielded distinct response properties consistent with those documentedin vivowith natural stimuli. The cotuned network produced V-shaped RFs, phasic-tonic firing profiles, and predominantly monotonic rate-level functions. The lateral inhibitory network produced enclosed RFs with narrow frequency tuning, a variety of firing profiles, and robust non-monotonic rate-level functions. We conclude that both types of circuits must be present to account for the wide variety of responses observedin vivo.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • de la Rocha, J; Marchetti, C; Schiff, M; Reyes, AD

Published Date

  • September 10, 2008

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 28 / 37

Start / End Page

  • 9151 - 9163

Published By

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1529-2401

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0270-6474

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1523/jneurosci.1789-08.2008


  • en