Predicting Patient-Centered Outcomes from Spine Surgery Using Risk Assessment Tools: a Systematic Review.

Published

Journal Article (Review)

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this systematic review is to evaluate the current literature in patients undergoing spine surgery in the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar spine to determine the available risk assessment tools to predict the patient-centered outcomes of pain, disability, physical function, quality of life, psychological disposition, and return to work after surgery. RECENT FINDINGS: Risk assessment tools can assist surgeons and other healthcare providers in identifying the benefit-risk ratio of surgical candidates. These tools gather demographic, medical history, and other pertinent patient-reported measures to calculate a probability utilizing regression or machine learning statistical foundations. Currently, much is still unknown about the use of these tools to predict quality of life, disability, and other factors following spine surgery. A systematic review was conducted using PRISMA guidelines that identified risk assessment tools that utilized patient-reported outcome measures as part of the calculation. From 8128 identified studies, 13 articles met inclusion criteria and were accepted into this review. The range of c-index values reported in the studies was between 0.63 and 0.84, indicating fair to excellent model performance. Post-surgical patient-reported outcomes were identified in the following categories (n = total number of predictive models): return to work (n = 3), pain (n = 9), physical functioning and disability (n = 5), quality of life (QOL) (n = 6), and psychosocial disposition (n = 2). Our review has synthesized the available evidence on risk assessment tools for predicting patient-centered outcomes in patients undergoing spine surgery and described their findings and clinical utility.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • White, HJ; Bradley, J; Hadgis, N; Wittke, E; Piland, B; Tuttle, B; Erickson, M; Horn, ME

Published Date

  • June 2020

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 13 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 247 - 263

PubMed ID

  • 32388726

Pubmed Central ID

  • 32388726

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1935-973X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s12178-020-09630-2

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States