Differential microRNA expression profiles associated with microsatellite status reveal possible epigenetic regulation of microsatellite instability in gastric adenocarcinoma.
Background: Although microsatellite instability (MSI) is a powerful predictive biomarker for the efficacy of immunotherapy, the mechanism of MSI in sporadic gastrointestinal cancer is not fully understood. However, epigenetics, particularly microRNAs, has been suggested as one of the main regulators that contribute to the MSI formation. Methods: We used microRNA expression data of 386 gastric adenocarcinoma samples from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database to identify differential microRNA expression profiles by different MSI status. We also obtained putative common target genes of the top differential microRNAs with miRanda online tools, and we analyzed these data by Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway enrichment (KEGG). Results: We found that 56 and 67 gastric adenocarcinoma samples were positive for low and high MSI, respectively, and that a high MSI status was associated with age, sex and subregion (P=0.049, 0.014 and 0.007, respectively). In the 67 samples with a high MSI status, expression levels of 14 microRNAs were upregulated but five microRNAs were downregulated as assessed by the fold change (FC), compared with that of the 56 samples with a low MSI status (P<0.05, |FC| >2). Further analysis suggested that the expression of miR-210-3p, miR-582-3p, miR-30a-3p and miR-105-5p predicted a high MSI status (P=4.93×10-10, 5.63×10-10, 3.23×10-9 and 7.64×10-4, respectively). Regulation of the transcription pathways ranked the top of lists from both GO and KEGG analyses, and these microRNAs might regulate DNA damage-repair genes that were also associated with a high MSI status. Conclusions: MiR-30a-3p and miR-105-5p are potential biomarkers for the MSI-H gastric adenocarcinoma, possibly by altering expression of DNA damage-repair genes.
Qu, X; Zhao, L; Zhang, R; Wei, Q; Wang, M
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