The Refined Middle-Range Theory on Women's Leadership in Asian Culture.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Introduction: Because virtually no theories were available to explain unique characteristics of Asian women's leadership in nursing, a middle-range theory on women's leadership in Asian culture was previously published. To reflect recent political and social changes in different countries, there is a necessity to refine the theory. The purpose of this article is to present the refined middle-range theory on Asian women's leadership in nursing. Methodology: Using an integrative approach, the theory was further developed based on two major sources: literature reviews and exemplars/cases from six different countries. Results: The Refined Middle-Range Theory on Women's Leadership in Asian Culture has two main domains: (a) leadership frames and (b) leadership contexts. The domain of leadership contexts has been extended with two additional main concepts including demographic contexts and health workforce/system contexts. Discussion: The refined theory is expected to guide Asian women's leadership in nursing across the globe.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Im, E-O; Wang, H-H; Tsai, H-M; Sakashita, R; Oh, EG; Lin, CC; Kunaviktikul, W; Inouye, J; Huang, L-H; Broome, ME

Published Date

  • November 2020

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 31 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 539 - 546

PubMed ID

  • 32390526

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1552-7832

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1043-6596

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1177/1043659620919163


  • eng