Three-Dimensional Printed Cage in Patients With Tibiotalocalcaneal Arthrodesis Using a Retrograde Intramedullary Nail: Early Outcomes.
Introduction. Segmental bone loss in the hindfoot hinders the chance of successful outcomes. Tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis is a reliable option; nevertheless, the risk of nonunion is high. Three-dimensional (3D) printed titanium implants offer a strong scaffold that can be customized and has demonstrated encouraging healing rates. In this study, we described the clinical outcomes and the radiologic union rate of a case series of patients with hindfoot arthrodesis, using a retrograde intramedullary nail associated to a 3D printed titanium cage. Methods. Seven patients undergoing hindfoot arthrodesis, using a retrograde intramedullary nail associated to a custom 3D printed titanium cage, were included. Demographic data were collected. Functional outcomes were assessed using the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Score and the Visual Analogue Scale for pain. Hindfoot alignment and radiographic union were evaluated using weight-bearing radiographs and computed tomography scan, respectively. Results. A total of 6 (85%) patients had more than 50% bony bridging. Only 1 patient underwent below knee amputation due to recurrence of chronic osteomyelitis. Two additional patients had minor complications. Conclusion. Tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis using customized titanium cages for patients with large bone defects has shown a high rate of union in those at risk of nonunion. However, further research with larger series is needed.Levels of Evidence: Level IV: Case series.
Bejarano-Pineda, L; Sharma, A; Adams, SB; Parekh, SG
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