Standard Versus Extended Duration Direct-Acting Antiviral Therapy in Hepatitis C Patients With Slow Response to Treatment.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: Response-guided hepatitis C therapy was standard with interferon-based regimens but is not used for direct-acting antivirals (DAAs). Week 4 viral kinetics may predict sustained virological response (SVR) with DAAs, but it is unclear whether extending therapy in slow responders affects outcomes. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to compare SVR rates between traditional and extended duration groups. Secondary objectives were to compare SVR rates among subgroups and to determine factors associated with SVR. METHODS: This institutional review board-approved, retrospective, single-center study identified patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection with detectable week 4 HCV RNA who were treated with DAAs. Patients were excluded for early discontinuation, treatment regimen not recommended first-line, or missing HCV RNA labs. Patients were stratified into traditional and extended duration groups. The primary end point was SVR. Secondary end points included factors associated with SVR and rationale for extension of therapy duration. RESULTS: A total of 363 patients were included; 58 (16%) received extended therapy. Patients were primarily genotype 1a (70%) and treatment naïve (80%). More than half had advanced fibrosis or cirrhosis. SVR12 rates were 100% in the extended duration group and 96.7% in the traditional duration group (P = 0.37). There were no associations with SVR and prespecified patient-specific factors. Sample size was limited. CONCLUSION AND RELEVANCE: Based on these findings, a recommendation for extension of therapy cannot be made for patients with detectable HCV RNA at week 4 of treatment at this time. Cost analyses may help guide recommendations to re-treat rare failures versus extend therapy in all slow responders.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • McKnight, AH; Townsend, ML; Hashem, MG; Naggie, S; Park, LP; Britt, RB

Published Date

  • November 2020

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 54 / 11

Start / End Page

  • 1057 - 1064

PubMed ID

  • 32406244

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1542-6270

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1177/1060028020921166


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States