Developing Pathology Measures for the Quality Payment Program-Part I: A Quest for Meaningful Measures.
CONTEXT.—: Quality measures assess health care processes, outcomes, and patient perceptions associated with high-quality health care, which is commonly defined as care that is effective, safe, efficient, patient centered, equitable, and timely. Such measures are now being used in order to incentivize provision of high-quality health care. OBJECTIVE.—: To meet the goals of the Quality Payment Program, quality measures will be developed from clinical practice guidelines and relevant, peer-reviewed research identifying evidence that the measure addresses 3 areas: a high-priority aspect of health care or a specific national health goal or priority; a meaningful focus, such as leading to a desired health outcome; and a gap or variation in care. DESIGN.—: Within the College of American Pathologists (CAP), the Measures and Performance Assessment Subcommittee is tasked with developing useful performance measures. Participating practitioners can then select measures that are meaningful to their respective patients and practices, and reflect the quality of the services they provide. RESULTS.—: The CAP developed 23 quality measures for reporting to the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services that reflect rigorous clinical evidence and address areas in need of performance improvement. CONCLUSIONS.—: Because the implications of reporting on these pathology-specific metrics are significant, these measures and the process by which they were designed are presented here in peer-reviewed fashion. The measures described in this article (part 1) represent recent efforts by the CAP to develop meaningful measures that reflect rigorous clinical evidence and highlight areas with opportunities for performance improvement.
Bocsi, GT; Kang, J; Kennedy, A; Singh, L; Peditto, S; Cardona, DM
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