Characteristics of myopic traction maculopathy in myopic Singaporean adults.
PURPOSE: To investigate the characteristics, risk factors and visual impact of myopic traction maculopathy (MTM) among adults with myopia in Singapore. METHODS: We analysed 3316 myopic eyes of adults aged over 40 years who participated in the Singapore Epidemiology of Eye Diseases-2 study. Detailed questionnaires and ophthalmic examinations were conducted. A total of 2913 myopic eyes of 1639 subjects were graded for MTM by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. MTM is defined as the presence of retinoschisis, lamellar or full-thickness macula hole and foveal retinal detachment. Fundus photographs were graded for myopic macular degeneration (MMD). RESULTS: Of these 2913 myopic eyes, the mean and SD of age was 60.1±8.0 years; the spherical equivalent (SE) was -2.5±2.3 D; and the axial length (AL) was 24.6±1.3 mm. MTM was found in 0.9% of myopic eyes and 7.3% of highly myopic eyes. In the multivariate analysis, myopic SE (p<0.001), longer AL (p<0.001), MMD (p=0.01) and epiretinal traction (p<0.001) were independent risk factors for MTM. MTM was not associated with age (p=0.38). MTM was significantly associated with poorer best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) (p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Our population-based study revealed that MTM was present in 0.9% of myopic eyes and 7.3% of highly myopic eyes. While greater myopic SE, longer AL, MMD and epiretinal traction are risk factors of MTM, age was not related to MTM. MTM has a negative effect on BCVA.
Matsumura, S; Sabanayagam, C; Wong, CW; Tan, C-S; Kuo, A; Wong, YL; Ohno-Matsui, K; Wong, TY; Cheng, C-Y; Hoang, QV; Saw, SM
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