RSPO3 impacts body fat distribution and regulates adipose cell biology in vitro.

Published online

Journal Article

Fat distribution is an independent cardiometabolic risk factor. However, its molecular and cellular underpinnings remain obscure. Here we demonstrate that two independent GWAS signals at RSPO3, which are associated with increased body mass index-adjusted waist-to-hip ratio, act to specifically increase RSPO3 expression in subcutaneous adipocytes. These variants are also associated with reduced lower-body fat, enlarged gluteal adipocytes and insulin resistance. Based on human cellular studies RSPO3 may limit gluteofemoral adipose tissue (AT) expansion by suppressing adipogenesis and increasing gluteal adipocyte susceptibility to apoptosis. RSPO3 may also promote upper-body fat distribution by stimulating abdominal adipose progenitor (AP) proliferation. The distinct biological responses elicited by RSPO3 in abdominal versus gluteal APs in vitro are associated with differential changes in WNT signalling. Zebrafish carrying a nonsense rspo3 mutation display altered fat distribution. Our study identifies RSPO3 as an important determinant of peripheral AT storage capacity.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Loh, NY; Minchin, JEN; Pinnick, KE; Verma, M; Todorčević, M; Denton, N; Moustafa, JE-S; Kemp, JP; Gregson, CL; Evans, DM; Neville, MJ; Small, KS; McCarthy, MI; Mahajan, A; Rawls, JF; Karpe, F; Christodoulides, C

Published Date

  • June 3, 2020

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 11 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 2797 -

PubMed ID

  • 32493999

Pubmed Central ID

  • 32493999

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2041-1723

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/s41467-020-16592-z

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England