Freedom and evolution in the dynamics of social systems.

Journal Article (Review;Journal Article)

This is a review of recent work on how the physics of evolution accounts for the origin, changes and future of social systems. Evolution means the changes (spatial, temporal) that happen with discernible direction in time. Changes are everywhere because physical features of 'freedom to change' are in every moving and flowing system. With freedom comes evolution, and with evolution come all these visible things, movement, change, configurations, diversity, multiple scales, and the universality of social organization phenomena such as human settlements, hierarchy, economics, economies of scale and diminishing returns.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Bejan, A

Published Date

  • July 2020

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 195 /

Start / End Page

  • 104158 -

PubMed ID

  • 32464164

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1872-8324

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0303-2647

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.biosystems.2020.104158


  • eng