Long-term opioid use after bariatric surgery.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: Opioid analgesics are often prescribed to manage pain after bariatric surgery, which may develop into chronic prescription opioid use (CPOU) in opioid-naïve patients. Bariatric surgery may affect opioid use in those with or without presurgical CPOU. OBJECTIVE: To compare CPOU persistence and incidence in a large multisite cohort of veterans undergoing bariatric surgery (open Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, laparoscopic RYGB, or laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy) and matched nonsurgical controls. SETTING: Veterans Administration hospitals. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study, we matched 1117 surgical patients with baseline CPOU to 9531 nonsurgical controls, and 2822 surgical patients without CPOU at baseline to 26,392 nonsurgical controls using sequential stratification. CPOU persistence in veterans with baseline CPOU was estimated using generalized estimating equations by procedure type. CPOU incidence in veterans without baseline CPOU was estimated in Cox regression models by procedure type because postoperative pain, complications, and absorption may differ by procedure. RESULTS: In veterans with baseline CPOU, postsurgical CPOU declined over time for each surgical procedure; these trends did not differ between surgical patients and nonsurgical controls. In veterans without baseline CPOU, compared with nonsurgical controls, bariatric patients had higher CPOU incidence within 5 years after open Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (hazard ratio = 1.19; 95% confidence interval: 1.06-1.34) or laparoscopic open Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (hazard ratio = 1.22, 95% confidence interval: 1.06-1.41). Veterans undergoing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy had higher CPOU incidence 1 to 5 years after surgery (hazard ratio = 1.28; 95% confidence interval: 1.05-1.56) than nonsurgical controls. CONCLUSIONS: Bariatric surgery was associated with greater risk of CPOU incidence in patients without baseline CPOU but was not associated with greater CPOU persistence.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Maciejewski, ML; Smith, VA; Berkowitz, TSZ; Arterburn, DE; Bradley, KA; Olsen, MK; Liu, C-F; Livingston, EH; Funk, LM; Mitchell, JE

Published Date

  • August 2020

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 16 / 8

Start / End Page

  • 1100 - 1110

PubMed ID

  • 32507657

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC7423624

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1878-7533

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.soard.2020.04.037


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States