Intellectual humility and perceptions of political opponents.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Objective

Intellectual humility (IH) refers to the recognition that personal beliefs might be wrong. We investigate possible interpersonal implications of IH for how people perceive the intellectual capabilities and moral character of their sociopolitical opponents and for their willingness to associate with those opponents.

Method

In four initial studies (N = 1,926, Mage  = 38, 880 females, 1,035 males), we measured IH, intellectual and moral derogation of opponents, and willingness to befriend opponents. In two additional studies (N = 568, Mage  = 40, 252 females, 314 males), we presented participants with a specific opponent on certain sociopolitical issues and several social media posts from that opponent in which he expressed his views on the issue. We then measured IH, intellectual, and moral derogation of the opponent, participants' willingness to befriend the opponent, participants' willingness to "friend" the opponent on social media, and participants' willingness to "follow" the opponent on social media.

Results

Low-IH relative to high-IH participants were more likely to derogate the intellectual capabilities and moral character of their opponents, less willing to befriend their opponents, and less willing to "friend" and "follow" an opponent on social media.

Conclusions

IH may have important interpersonal implications for person perception, and for understanding social extremism and polarization.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Stanley, ML; Sinclair, AH; Seli, P

Published Date

  • December 2020

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 88 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 1196 - 1216

PubMed ID

  • 32484911

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1467-6494

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-3506

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/jopy.12566

Language

  • eng