Epidemiology of meningiomas.

Book Section

More than 70,000 primary central nervous system tumors are diagnosed in the United States each year. Approximately 36% of these are meningiomas, making it the most common primary brain tumor. Because meningioma risk increases dramatically with age, the healthcare burden of meningioma in the developed world will continue to rise as demographics shift toward an older population. In addition to demographic factors associated with increased meningioma risk (i.e., older age, female sex, African American ethnicity), increased body mass index is a strong risk factor. A history of atopic allergies, eczema, and increased serum IgE are all consistently associated with reduced meningioma risk, suggesting a potential role for immunosurveillance. Although ionizing radiation is a strong meningioma risk factor, it accounts for very few cases at the population level. Recent studies suggest that diagnostic radiation (e.g., dental X-rays) increases meningioma risk. Because radiation dosages associated with medical imaging have decreased dramatically, the public health impact of this exposure is likely in decline. Genome-wide association studies have identified common inherited variants in the gene MLLT10 and RIC8A as low-penetrance meningioma risk alleles. To provide further insight into the etiology of meningioma, future studies will need to simultaneously examine genetic and environmental risk factors, while also stratifying analyses by subject sex.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Walsh, KM

Published Date

  • 2020

Volume / Issue

  • 169 /

Start / End Page

  • 3 - 15

PubMed ID

  • 32553297

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/B978-0-12-804280-9.00001-9