Effects of danicamtiv, a novel cardiac myosin activator, in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction: experimental data and clinical results from a phase 2a trial.
AIMS: Both left ventricular (LV) and left atrial (LA) dysfunction and remodelling contribute to adverse outcomes in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). Danicamtiv is a novel, cardiac myosin activator that enhances cardiomyocyte contraction. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied the effects of danicamtiv on LV and LA function in non-clinical studies (ex vivo: skinned muscle fibres and myofibrils; in vivo: dogs with heart failure) and in a randomized, double-blind, single- and multiple-dose phase 2a trial in patients with stable HFrEF (placebo, n = 10; danicamtiv, n = 30; 50-100 mg twice daily for 7 days). Danicamtiv increased ATPase activity and calcium sensitivity in LV and LA myofibrils/muscle fibres. In dogs with heart failure, danicamtiv improved LV stroke volume (+10.6 mL, P < 0.05) and LA emptying fraction (+10.7%, P < 0.05). In patients with HFrEF (mean age 60 years, 25% women, ischaemic heart disease 48%, mean LV ejection fraction 32%), treatment-emergent adverse events, mostly mild, were reported in 17 patients (57%) receiving danicamtiv and 4 patients (40%) receiving placebo. Danicamtiv (at plasma concentrations ≥2000 ng/mL) increased stroke volume (up to +7.8 mL, P < 0.01), improved global longitudinal (up to -1.0%, P < 0.05) and circumferential strain (up to -3.3%, P < 0.01), decreased LA minimal volume index (up to -2.4 mL/m2 , P < 0.01) and increased LA function index (up to 6.1, P < 0.01), when compared with placebo. CONCLUSIONS: Danicamtiv was well tolerated and improved LV systolic function in patients with HFrEF. A marked improvement in LA volume and function was also observed in patients with HFrEF, consistent with pre-clinical findings of direct activation of LA contractility.
Voors, AA; Tamby, J-F; Cleland, JG; Koren, M; Forgosh, LB; Gupta, D; Lund, LH; Camacho, A; Karra, R; Swart, HP; Pellicori, P; Wagner, F; Hershberger, RE; Prasad, N; Anderson, R; Anto, A; Bell, K; Edelberg, JM; Fang, L; Henze, M; Kelly, C; Kurio, G; Li, W; Wells, K; Yang, C; Teichman, SL; Del Rio, CL; Solomon, SD
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