Timeline for maximal subjective outcome improvement following total ankle arthroplasty.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Systematic Review)

BACKGROUND: Maximal medical improvement (MMI) establishes the timepoint when patients no longer experience clinically significant improvements following surgery. The purpose of this investigation is to establish when patients achieve MMI following total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) through the use of patient reported outcome measures (PROMs). METHODS: A systematic review to identify studies on TAA which reported consecutive PROMs for two years postoperatively was performed. Pooled analysis was done at 6 months, 12 months, and 24 months. Clinically significant improvement was defined as improvement between time intervals exceeding the minimal clinically important difference. RESULTS: Twelve studies and 1514 patients met inclusion criteria. Clinically significant improvement was seen up to 6 months postoperatively in both the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Ankle Hindfoot Score and Visual Analog Scale scoring systems. The Short Musculoskeletal Function Assessment Dysfunction and Bother subsections showed maximal clinically significant improvement by 1 year postoperatively. CONCLUSION: Following TAA, MMI is seen by one year postoperatively. Physicians may allocate the majority of resources within the first year when most of the improvement is perceived. This data may help inform preoperative counseling as it establishes a timeline for MMI. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Agarwalla, A; Gowd, AK; Cody, EA; Johnson, PK; Yao, K; Nunley, JA; Amin, NH; Liu, JN

Published Date

  • April 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 27 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 305 - 310

PubMed ID

  • 32565023

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1460-9584

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.fas.2020.05.012


  • eng

Conference Location

  • France