Using geographic information systems to characterize food environments around historically black colleges and universities: Implications for nutrition interventions.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

ObjectiveTo understand the distribution of healthy and unhealthy food stores near historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs). Participants and methods: Using ArcGIS Pro's network analysis tools and ReferenceUSA database, this study characterized the healthy (favorable) and unhealthy (unfavorable) retail food stores within a 5-mile radius, 15-min driving, and 15-min walking distance from each HBCU in North Carolina. Results: Most retail food stores within a 5-mile buffer radius of the 10 HBCUs in North Carolina were unfavorable. Within 15-min driving from each HBCU, 1082 stores (76.0%) were unfavorable food stores, while 332 (24.0%) were favorable. Additionally, there were four favorable and 35 unfavorable retail food stores within the 15-min walking distance of each HBCU. Conclusions: Favorable food retail stores around HBCUs in North Carolina are limited. Researchers, policy makers, and community stakeholders should work together to improve food environments surrounding HBCUs.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Vilme, H; Paul, CJ; Duke, NN; Campbell, SD; Sauls, D; Muiruri, C; Skinner, AC; Bosworth, H; Dokurugu, YM; Fay, JP

Published Date

  • April 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 70 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 818 - 823

PubMed ID

  • 32569511

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC8477389

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1940-3208

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1080/07448481.2020.1767113


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States