Sociodemographic Factors Associated With Engagement in Diabetes Self-management Education Among People With Diabetes in the United States.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

OBJECTIVE: Research outside the United States shows that certain subgroups of patients (eg, those who are older, male, of low socioeconomic status, and uninsured) are less likely than others to report receiving diabetes self-management education (DSME); however, less is known about DSME uptake in the United States. We examined sociodemographic, patient, and behavioral characteristics associated with DSME in a nationally representative sample. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2011-2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System for 84 179 adults who self-identified receiving a diagnosis of diabetes. We constructed weighted, multivariate logistic regression models to examine the associations between DSME and sociodemographic characteristics (age, sex, race/ethnicity, marital status, education, and annual household income), patient characteristics (body mass index, having a regular provider, health insurance status, health status, and insulin use), and self-management behaviors (home foot examination, home blood glucose testing, and physical activity). RESULTS: More than half (n = 45 557, 53.7% [weighted]) of respondents reported engaging in DSME. Compared with non-Hispanic white adults, non-Hispanic black adults were more likely to engage in DSME (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 1.17; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.07-1.29). Respondents were less likely to engage in DSME if they were male (aOR = 0.85; 95% CI, 0.80-0.91) or Hispanic (aOR = 0.81; 95% CI, 0.71-0.92), were a high school graduate (but no college; aOR = 0.71; 95% CI, 0.66-0.78) or less than a high school graduate (aOR = 0.51; 95% CI, 0.45-0.59), had an annual household income of $15 000-$24 999 (aOR = 0.81; 95% CI, 0.73-0.89) or <$15 000 (aOR = 0.70; 95% CI, 0.62-0.78), or had no health insurance (aOR = 0.87; 95% CI, 0.76-0.98). DSME was significantly associated with all 3 self-management behaviors. CONCLUSIONS: Increasing public health interventions aimed at educating people with diabetes about self-management could improve outcomes.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Adjei Boakye, E; Varble, A; Rojek, R; Peavler, O; Trainer, AK; Osazuwa-Peters, N; Hinyard, L

Published Date

  • November 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 133 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 685 - 691

PubMed ID

  • 30223759

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC6225878

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1468-2877

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1177/0033354918794935


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States