Gabapentin enhances the morphine anti-nociceptive effect in neuropathic pain via the interleukin-10-heme oxygenase-1 signalling pathway in rats.
In the present study, we investigated the anti-inflammatory mechanisms by which gabapentin enhances morphine anti-nociceptive effect in neuropathic pain in rats and the interaction between the anti-nociceptive effects of gabapentin on morphine and the interleukin (IL)-10-heme-oxygenase (HO)-1 signal pathway in a rat model of neuropathic pain. The neuropathic pain model was induced via a left L5/6 spinal nerve ligation (SNL) in rats. The anti-nociceptive effect of gabapentin and IL-10 on morphine was examined over a 7-day period, and the effects of the anti-IL-10 and HO-1 inhibitor zinc protoporphyrin (ZnPP) on gabapentin/morphine co-injection were assessed. Drug administration was given over 7 days, and on day 8, both anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10, a stress-induced protein HO-1 and pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α were measured. Gabapentin attenuated morphine tolerance over 7 days of co-administration, and reduced the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines but increased IL-10 and HO-1 expression. The effect of gabapentin on morphine was partially blocked using the anti-IL-10 antibody or the HO-1 inhibitor zinc protoporphyrin. Our findings indicated that the anti-nociceptive effects of gabapentin on morphine might be caused by activation of the IL-10-HO-1 signalling pathway, which resulted in the inhibition of the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in neuropathic pain in the rat spinal cord.
Bao, Y-H; Zhou, Q-H; Chen, R; Xu, H; Zeng, L-L; Zhang, X; Jiang, W; Du, D-P
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