Spectral-Domain OCT-Based Prevalence and Progression of Macular Atrophy in the HARBOR Study for Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration.
PURPOSE:Previous studies of macular atrophy (MA) in HARBOR analyzed color fundus photography and fluorescein angiography image data. This study performed a longitudinal assessment of monthly spectral-domain (SD) OCT scans to determine MA prevalence, incidence, and progression in HARBOR. DESIGN:Post hoc analysis of SD OCT images from HARBOR (ClincalTrials.gov identifier, NCT00891735), a phase 3 multicenter, prospective, randomized, double-blind, active treatment-controlled clinical trial. PARTICIPANTS:Patients (n = 1097) with subfoveal choroidal neovascularization secondary to neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) treated with ranibizumab 0.5 mg monthly (n = 275), 0.5 mg pro re nata (PRN) after 3 loading doses (n = 275), 2.0 mg monthly (n = 274), or 2.0 mg PRN (n = 273). METHODS:Evaluable SD OCT macular cube scans from patients with 24 months of follow-up (N = 941) were examined by masked reading center-trained graders monthly from baseline to month 24. Atrophy diagnosis criteria were consistent with those proposed by the Classification of Atrophy Meetings (CAM) group: hypertransmission of light into the choroid, retinal pigment epithelium loss, and loss of outer retinal layers. Macular atrophy was considered Definite if all 3 criteria were met and Questionable if 2 were met. Study arms were compared for time to MA detection (log-rank test) and enlargement rates (time × arm interaction test). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:Prevalence, incidence, and enlargement rates of MA. RESULTS:At baseline, imbalance in MA rates across ranibizumab arms was evident (0.5 mg monthly, 19.1%; 0.5 mg PRN, 16.1%; 2.0 mg monthly, 10.1%; 2.0 mg PRN, 10.5%). At month 24, new MA development rates in eyes without baseline MA were similar between ranibizumab doses (0.5 mg, 25.9%; 2.0 mg, 25.4%) and treatment regimens (monthly, 26.4%; PRN, 25.0%). No significant differences in enlargement rate of new atrophy area (P = 0.479, square-root transformed) or time to detection of new MA (P = 0.997) were evident among study arms. CONCLUSIONS:In this analysis of a major nAMD trial using CAM atrophy criteria, no differences were observed in incidence or progression rates of new MA among study arms, ranibizumab doses, or treatment regimens. Monthly versus PRN treatment did not influence MA incidence or progression.
Gune, S; Abdelfattah, NS; Karamat, A; Balasubramanian, S; Marion, KM; Morgenthien, E; Sadda, SR
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