Sep70/Pepsin expression in hypopharynx combined with hypopharyngeal multichannel intraluminal impedance increases diagnostic sensitivity of laryngopharyngeal reflux.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND:Improved methods of diagnosis of laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) would enable surgeons to better identify patients who may benefit from antireflux surgery (ARS). The objective of the present study was to assess if hypopharyngeal Pepsin and Sep70 expression combined with hypopharyngeal multichannel intraluminal impedance (HMII) has the potential to increase diagnostic sensitivity of LPR. METHODS:This study was performed on patients who underwent unsedated transnasal endoscopy with hypopharyngeal biopsy and 24-h HMII to determine abnormal proximal exposure (APE) and DeMeester score (DMS) from 2013 to 2016. Pepsin and Sep70 protein expression was assessed by Western blots of biopsy specimens. The outcomes of ARS were assessed using reflux symptom index (RSI). HMII APE classification, Sep 70, and Pepsin protein levels were compared in normative and symptomatic LPR patients and further analyzed alongside quality of life changes following ARS. RESULTS:Of 30 subjects enrolled, 23 were excluded for abnormal HMII results or endoscopic evidence of esophagitis. Seven subjects and 105 patients were included in the normative and symptomatic groups, respectively. Compared to the normative group, only Pepsin expression was significantly higher in the symptomatic group [APE+/LPR+ (p = 0.000), APE+/LPR- (p = 0.001), and APE- (p = 0.047)]. Further, the ratio of Sep70/Pepsin was significantly lower in the symptomatic group [APE+/LPR+ (p = 0.008), APE+/LPR- (p = 0.000), and APE- (p = 0.050)], and a cutoff ratio for a diagnosis of LPR was established as < 158. Of 105 symptomatic patients, 48 patients underwent ARS. Of these, 17 patients had complete pre- and post-RSI questionnaires. LPR symptoms improved in 15 (88%), of whom 2 were APE- but met criteria for a diagnosis of LPR based on the Sep70/Pepsin cutoff. CONCLUSIONS:The identified Sep70/Pepsin ratio may serve as a reliable biomarker for the diagnosis of LPR. As a result, this may help identify additional patients who have a false-negative HMII result due to the 24-h testing window.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Hoppo, T; Zaidi, AH; Matsui, D; Martin, SA; Komatsu, Y; Lloyd, EJ; Kosovec, JE; Civitarese, AA; Boyd, NH; Shetty, A; Omstead, AN; Smith, E; Jobe, BA

Published Date

  • May 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 32 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 2434 - 2441

PubMed ID

  • 29264754

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1432-2218

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0930-2794

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s00464-017-5943-9

Language

  • eng