Effects of Parental Warmth and Behavioral Control on Adolescent Externalizing and Internalizing Trajectories Across Cultures.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

We investigated the effects of parental warmth and behavioral control on externalizing and internalizing symptom trajectories from ages 8 to 14 in 1,298 adolescents from 12 cultural groups. We did not find that single universal trajectories characterized adolescent externalizing and internalizing symptoms across cultures, but instead found significant heterogeneity in starting points and rates of change in both externalizing and internalizing symptoms across cultures. Some similarities did emerge. Across many cultural groups, internalizing symptoms decreased from ages 8 to 10, and externalizing symptoms increased from ages 10 to 14. Parental warmth appears to function similarly in many cultures as a protective factor that prevents the onset and growth of adolescent externalizing and internalizing symptoms, whereas the effects of behavioral control vary from culture to culture.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Rothenberg, WA; Lansford, JE; Bornstein, MH; Chang, L; Deater-Deckard, K; Di Giunta, L; Dodge, KA; Malone, PS; Oburu, P; Pastorelli, C; Skinner, AT; Sorbring, E; Steinberg, L; Tapanya, S; Uribe Tirado, LM; Yotanyamaneewong, S; Alampay, LP; Al-Hassan, SM; Bacchini, D

Published Date

  • December 2020

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 30 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 835 - 855

PubMed ID

  • 32609411

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC8059478

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1532-7795

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1050-8392

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/jora.12566


  • eng