Generating fault-tolerant cluster states from crystal structures
Measurement-based quantum computing (MBQC) is a promising alternative to traditional circuit-based quantum computing predicated on the construction and measurement of cluster states. Recent work has demonstrated that MBQC provides a more general framework for fault-tolerance that extends beyond foliated quantum error-correcting codes. We systematically expand on that paradigm, and use combinatorial tiling theory to study and construct new examples of fault-tolerant cluster states derived from crystal structures. Included among these is a robust self-dual cluster state requiring only degree-3 connectivity. We benchmark several of these cluster states in the presence of circuit-level noise, and find a variety of promising candidates whose performance depends on the specifics of the noise model. By eschewing the distinction between data and ancilla, this malleable framework lays a foundation for the development of creative and competitive fault-tolerance schemes beyond conventional error-correcting codes.
Newman, M; de Castro, LA; Brown, KR
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