Generalizability of SuperAlarm via Cross-Institutional Performance Evaluation.
Bedside patient monitors are ubiquitous tools in modern critical care units to provide timely patient status. However, current systems suffer from high volume of false alarms leading to alarm fatigue, one of top technical hazards in clinical settings. Many studies are racing to develop improved algorithms towards precision patient monitoring, while little has been done to investigate the aspect of algorithm generalizability across different health institutions. Our group has been developing an evolving framework termed SuperAlarm that extracts multivariate patterns in data streams (monitor alarms, electronic health records and physiologic waveforms) of modern health enterprise to predict patient deterioration and has demonstrated great potential in mitigating alarm fatigue. In this study, we further investigate the generalizability of SuperAlarm by designing a comprehensive approach to achieve performance comparison in predicting in-hospital code blue (CB) events across two health institutions. SuperAlarm model trained with alarm data in one institution is tested on both internal and external test sets. Results show comparable performance with sensitivity up to 80% within one-hour window of events and over 90% in reduction of false alarms in both institutions. Cross-institutional performance agreement can be further improved by predicting a more stringent CB subtype (cardiopulmonary arrest), with internal sensitivity lying within 95% confident interval of external one up to 8-hour before event onset. The cross-institutional performance comparison offers first-hand knowledge on both advantages and challenges in generalizing a prediction algorithm across different institutions, which hold key information to guide the design of model training and deployment strategy.
Xiao, R; Do, D; Ding, C; Meisel, K; Lee, R; Hu, X
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Pubmed Central ID
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)