Measurement of azimuthal anisotropy of muons from charm and bottom hadrons in Pb+Pb collisions at sNN=5.02 TeV with the ATLAS detector
Azimuthal anisotropies of muons from charm and bottom hadron decays are measured in Pb+Pb collisions at sNN=5.02TeV. The data were collected with the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider in 2015 and 2018 with integrated luminosities of 0.5nb−1 and 1.4nb−1, respectively. The kinematic selection for heavy-flavor muons requires transverse momentum 4<30GeV and pseudorapidity |η|<2.0. The dominant sources of muons in this pT range are semi-leptonic decays of charm and bottom hadrons. These heavy-flavor muons are separated from light-hadron decay muons and punch-through hadrons using the momentum imbalance between the measurements in the tracking detector and in the muon spectrometers. Azimuthal anisotropies, quantified by flow coefficients, are measured via the event-plane method for inclusive heavy-flavor muons as a function of the muon pT and in intervals of Pb+Pb collision centrality. Heavy-flavor muons are separated into contributions from charm and bottom hadron decays using the muon transverse impact parameter with respect to the event primary vertex. Non-zero elliptic (v2) and triangular (v3) flow coefficients are extracted for charm and bottom muons, with the charm muon coefficients larger than those for bottom muons for all Pb+Pb collision centralities. The results indicate substantial modification to the charm and bottom quark angular distributions through interactions in the quark-gluon plasma produced in these Pb+Pb collisions, with smaller modifications for the bottom quarks as expected theoretically due to their larger mass.
Aad, G; Abbott, B; Abbott, DC; Abed Abud, A; Abeling, K; Abhayasinghe, DK; Abidi, SH; AbouZeid, OS; Abraham, NL; Abramowicz, H; Abreu, H; Abulaiti, Y; Acharya, BS; Achkar, B; Adachi, S; Adam, L; Adam Bourdarios, C; Adamczyk, L; Adamek, L; Adelman, J; Adersberger, M; Adiguzel, A; Adorni, S; Adye, T; Affolder, AA; Afik, Y; Agapopoulou, C; Agaras, MN; Aggarwal, A; Agheorghiesei, C; Aguilar-Saavedra, JA; Ahmadov, F; Ahmed, WS; Ai, X; Aielli, G; Akatsuka, S; Åkesson, TPA; Akilli, E; Akimov, AV; Al Khoury, K; Alberghi, GL; Albert, J; Alconada Verzini, MJ; Alderweireldt, S; Aleksa, M; Aleksandrov, IN; Alexa, C; Alexopoulos, T; Alfonsi, A; Alfonsi, F; Alhroob, M; Ali, B; Aliev, M; Alimonti, G; Allaire, C; Allbrooke, BMM; Allen, BW; Allport, PP; Aloisio, A; Alonso, F; Alpigiani, C; Alshehri, AA; Alunno Camelia, E; Alvarez Estevez, M; Alviggi, MG; Amaral Coutinho, Y; Ambler, A; Ambroz, L; Amelung, C; Amidei, D; Amor Dos Santos, SP; Amoroso, S; Amrouche, CS; An, F; Anastopoulos, C; Andari, N; Andeen, T; Anders, CF; Anders, JK; Andrean, SY; Andreazza, A; Andrei, V; Anelli, CR; Angelidakis, S; Angerami, A; Anisenkov, AV; Annovi, A; Antel, C; Anthony, MT; Antipov, E; Antonelli, M; Antrim, DJA; Anulli, F; Aoki, M; Aparisi Pozo, JA; Aparo, MA; Aperio Bella, L; Araque, JP; Araujo Ferraz, V; Araujo Pereira, R
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