Polarization control of a free-electron laser oscillator using helical undulators of opposite helicities
© 2020 authors. Published by the American Physical Society. Published by the American Physical Society under the terms of the "https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/"Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article's title, journal citation, and DOI. Polarized photon beams provide a unique experimental tool for the study of various polarization-dependent physical processes. Here, we report the experimental demonstration of full polarization control of an oscillator free-electron laser (FEL) using helical undulators of opposite helicities. Using two helical undulator magnets of opposite helicities and a buncher magnet in between, we have generated a linearly polarized FEL beam with any desirable polarization direction. With the development of a high-precision FEL polarimeter, we are able to optimize the highly polarized FEL beams in visible wavelengths and measure the polarization with high accuracy, demonstrating linear polarization Plin>0.99 on the routine basis and with the maximum polarization reaching Plin=0.998. In this paper, we describe the FEL configuration, experimental setup, and related beam diagnostics, including the newly developed high-precision FEL polarimeter. We report our experimental approaches to generate, tune up, and characterize the polarization controllable FEL beams and share a new insight into how high-degree polarization is realized based upon our investigation of the temporal structure of the FEL beam. This FEL polarization control technique has been used successfully to generate a polarization controllable Compton γ-ray beam for nuclear physics experiments.
Yan, J; Hao, H; Huang, S; Li, J; Litvinenko, VN; Liu, P; Mikhailov, SF; Popov, VG; Swift, G; Vinokurov, NA; Wu, YK
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