Outcomes of Bilateral Cataract Surgery in Infants 7 to 24 Months of Age Using the Toddler Aphakia and Pseudophakia Treatment Study Registry.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Purpose

To evaluate outcomes of bilateral cataract surgery in children aged 7 to 24 months and compare rates of adverse events (AEs) with other Toddler Aphakia and Pseudophakia Study (TAPS) registry outcomes.

Design

Retrospective clinical study at 10 Infant Aphakia Treatment Study (IATS) sites. Statistical analyses comparing this cohort with previously reported TAPS registry cohorts.

Participants

Children enrolled in the TAPS registry between 2004 and 2010.

Methods

Children underwent bilateral cataract surgery with or without intraocular lens (IOL) placement at age 7 to 24 months with 5 years of postsurgical follow-up.

Main outcome measures

Visual acuity (VA), occurrence of strabismus, AEs, and reoperations.

Results

A total of 40 children (76 eyes) who underwent bilateral cataract surgery with primary posterior capsulectomy were identified with a median age at cataract surgery of 11 months (7-23); 68% received a primary IOL. Recurrent visual axis opacification (VAO) occurred in 7.5% and was associated only with the use of an IOL (odds ratio, 6.10; P = 0.005). Glaucoma suspect (GS) was diagnosed in 2.5%, but no child developed glaucoma. In this bilateral cohort, AEs (8/40, 20%), including glaucoma or GS and VAO, and reoperations occurred in a similar proportion to that of the published unilateral TAPS cohort. When analyzed with children aged 1 to 7 months at bilateral surgery, the incidence of AEs and glaucoma or GS correlated strongly with age at surgery (P = 0.011/0.004) and glaucoma correlated with microcornea (P = 0.040) but not with IOL insertion (P = 0.15).

Conclusions

Follow-up to age 5 years after bilateral cataract surgery in children aged 7 to 24 months reveals a low rate of VAO and very rare glaucoma or GS diagnosis compared with infants with cataracts operated at < 7 months of age despite primary IOL implantation in most children in the group aged 7 to 24 months. The use of an IOL increases the risk of VAO irrespective of age at surgery.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Bothun, ED; Wilson, ME; Yen, KG; Anderson, JS; Weil, NC; Loh, AR; Morrison, D; Freedman, SF; Plager, DA; Vanderveen, DK; Traboulsi, EI; Hodge, DO; Lambert, SR; Toddler Aphakia and Pseudophakia Study,

Published Date

  • February 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 128 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 302 - 308

PubMed ID

  • 32679160

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1549-4713

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0161-6420

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.ophtha.2020.07.020

Language

  • eng