Novel genetic variants in genes of the Fc gamma receptor-mediated phagocytosis pathway predict non-small cell lung cancer survival.
Background: Both antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity and phagocytosis activate innate immunity, and the Fc gamma receptor (FCGR)-mediated phagocytosis is an integral part of the process. We assessed associations between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in FCGR-related genes and survival of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: We evaluated associations between 24,734 (SNPs) in 97 FCGR-related genes and survival of 1,185 patients with NSCLC using a published genome-wide association study (GWAS) dataset from the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian (PLCO) Cancer Screening Trial and validated the results in another independent dataset of 894 NSCLC patients. Results: In the single-locus analysis with Bayesian false discovery probability (BFDP) for multiple testing correction, we found 1,084 SNPs to be significantly associated overall survival (OS) (P<0.050 and BFDP ≤0.80), of which two independent SNPs (PLCG2 rs9673682 T>G and PLPP1 rs115613985 T>A) were further validated in another GWAS dataset of 894 patients from the Harvard Lung Cancer Susceptibility (HLCS) Study, with combined allelic hazards ratios for OS of 0.87 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.81-0.94 and P=5.90×10-4] and 1.18 (95% CI: 1.08-1.29 and 1.32×10-4, respectively). Expression quantitative trait loci analysis showed that the rs9673682 G allele was significantly correlated with increased mRNA expression levels of PLCG2 in 373 transformed lymphoblastoid cell-lines (P=7.20×10-5). Additional evidence from differential expression analysis further supported a tumor-suppressive effect of PLCG2 on OS of patients with lung cancer, with lower mRNA expression levels in both lung squamous carcinoma and adenocarcinoma than in adjacent normal tissues. Conclusions: Genetic variants in PLCG2 of the FCGR-mediated phagocytosis pathway may be promising predictors of NSCLC survival, possibly through modulating gene expression, but additional investigation of the molecular mechanisms of PLPP1 rs115613985 is warranted.
Qian, D; Liu, H; Zhao, L; Wang, X; Luo, S; Moorman, PG; Patz, EF; Su, L; Shen, S; Christiani, DC; Wei, Q
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