Novel genetic variants in genes of the Fc gamma receptor-mediated phagocytosis pathway predict non-small cell lung cancer survival.

Published

Journal Article

Background: Both antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity and phagocytosis activate innate immunity, and the Fc gamma receptor (FCGR)-mediated phagocytosis is an integral part of the process. We assessed associations between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in FCGR-related genes and survival of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: We evaluated associations between 24,734 (SNPs) in 97 FCGR-related genes and survival of 1,185 patients with NSCLC using a published genome-wide association study (GWAS) dataset from the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian (PLCO) Cancer Screening Trial and validated the results in another independent dataset of 894 NSCLC patients. Results: In the single-locus analysis with Bayesian false discovery probability (BFDP) for multiple testing correction, we found 1,084 SNPs to be significantly associated overall survival (OS) (P<0.050 and BFDP ≤0.80), of which two independent SNPs (PLCG2 rs9673682 T>G and PLPP1 rs115613985 T>A) were further validated in another GWAS dataset of 894 patients from the Harvard Lung Cancer Susceptibility (HLCS) Study, with combined allelic hazards ratios for OS of 0.87 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.81-0.94 and P=5.90×10-4] and 1.18 (95% CI: 1.08-1.29 and 1.32×10-4, respectively). Expression quantitative trait loci analysis showed that the rs9673682 G allele was significantly correlated with increased mRNA expression levels of PLCG2 in 373 transformed lymphoblastoid cell-lines (P=7.20×10-5). Additional evidence from differential expression analysis further supported a tumor-suppressive effect of PLCG2 on OS of patients with lung cancer, with lower mRNA expression levels in both lung squamous carcinoma and adenocarcinoma than in adjacent normal tissues. Conclusions: Genetic variants in PLCG2 of the FCGR-mediated phagocytosis pathway may be promising predictors of NSCLC survival, possibly through modulating gene expression, but additional investigation of the molecular mechanisms of PLPP1 rs115613985 is warranted.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Qian, D; Liu, H; Zhao, L; Wang, X; Luo, S; Moorman, PG; Patz, EF; Su, L; Shen, S; Christiani, DC; Wei, Q

Published Date

  • June 2020

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 9 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 575 - 586

PubMed ID

  • 32676321

Pubmed Central ID

  • 32676321

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2218-6751

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.21037/tlcr-19-318

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • China