Three Good Tools: Positively reflecting backwards and forwards is associated with robust improvements in well-being across three distinct interventions.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Burnout in healthcare workers (HCWs) is costly, consequential, and alarmingly high. Many HCWs report not having enough time or opportunities to engage in self-care. Brief, engaging, evidence-based tools have unique potential to alleviate burnout and improve well-being. Three prospective cohort studies tested the efficacy of web-based interventions: Three Good Things (n = 275), Gratitude Letter (n = 123), and the Looking Forward Tool (n = 123). Metrics were emotional exhaustion, depression, subjective happiness, work-life balance, emotional thriving, and emotional recovery. Across all studies, participants reported improvements in all metrics between baseline and post assessments, with two exceptions in study 1 (emotional thriving and happiness at 6 and 12-month post) and study 3 (optimism and emotional thriving at day 7). The Three Good Things, Gratitude Letter, and Looking Forward tools appear promising interventions for the issue of HCW burnout.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Adair, KC; Kennedy, LA; Sexton, JB

Published Date

  • 2020

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 15 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 613 - 622

PubMed ID

  • 34295357

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC8294345

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1743-9760

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1080/17439760.2020.1789707


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England