Zwitterion Surface-Functionalized Thermoplastic Polyurethane for Antifouling Catheter Applications.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Immobilizing zwitterionic molecules on material surfaces has been a promising strategy for creating antifouling surfaces. Herein, we show the ability to surface derivatize an allyl-ether-functionalized thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) with a zwitterionic thiol in a radically induced thiol-ene reaction. The thermoplastic polyurethane was synthesized to have an allyl-ether side functionality using a modified chain extender molecule. The zwitterion surface functionalization was achieved via thiol-ene reaction in aqueous conditions. The presence of chemically tethered zwitterion moieties on the TPU surface was confirmed using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Protein adsorption experiments via quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) show reduced fibrinogen attachment for the zwitterion-derivatized TPU when compared to its nonfunctionalized controls. The Zwitterion-TPU also showed a log scale reduction in bacterial adherence. For Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus epidermidis , the Zwitterion-TPU resulted in around a 40 and 50% lower bacterial biomass accumulation, respectively, over the time scale of the experiment. The fibroblast cell viability of TPU remained unaffected by functionalization with zwitterion thiol. The results from our model experiments suggest that a zwitterion-modified TPU is a promising candidate for antifouling catheters.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Nikam, SP; Chen, P; Nettleton, K; Hsu, Y-H; Becker, ML

Published Date

  • July 2020

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 21 / 7

Start / End Page

  • 2714 - 2725

PubMed ID

  • 32459090

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1526-4602

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1525-7797

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1021/acs.biomac.0c00456


  • eng