Digital Health Technology to Enhance Adolescent and Young Adult Clinical Preventive Services: Affordances and Challenges.
The lives of adolescents and young adults (AYAs) have become increasingly intertwined with technology. In this scoping review, studies about digital health tools are summarized in relation to five key affordances-social, cognitive, identity, emotional, and functional. Consideration of how a platform or tool exemplifies these affordances may help clinicians and researchers achieve the goal of using digital health technology to enhance clinical preventive services for AYAs. Across these five affordances, considerable research and development activity exists accompanied by signs of high promise, although the literature primarily reflects demonstration studies of acceptability or small sample experiments to discern impact. Digital health technology may afford an array of functions, yet its potential to enhance AYA clinical preventive services is met with three key challenges. The challenges discussed in this review are the disconnectedness between digital health tools and clinical care, threats to AYA privacy and security, and difficulty identifying high-value digital health products for AYA. The data presented are synthesized in calls to action for the use of digital health technology to enhance clinical preventive services and to ensure that the digital health ecosystem is relevant, effective, safe, and purposed for meeting the health needs of AYA.
Wong, CA; Madanay, F; Ozer, EM; Harris, SK; Moore, M; Master, SO; Moreno, M; Weitzman, ER
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