Using a low-carbohydrate diet to treat obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Review)

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This study will provide a narrative review of the history of the clinical use of low-carbohydrate diets and give a practical example of how to implement a low-carbohydrate diet, with an emphasis on deprescribing medications. RECENT FINDINGS: Low-carbohydrate diets have been used since the late 19th century to treat obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Recently, clinical research has validated the use of low-carbohydrate diets for individuals affected by obesity and T2DM, and these diets are included in several national clinical guidelines. Because medications are commonly used to treat hypertension and T2DM, special consideration must be made to monitor and reduce these medications to avoid overmedication. Clinic visits and home monitoring of blood pressure and glucose levels are important tools to alert clinicians that a reduction in medication levels may be indicated. SUMMARY: Low-carbohydrate diets have been utilized clinically for many years to treat obesity and T2DM and can be used alongside effective monitoring to safely deprescribe dispensable medications for these diseases.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Westman, EC; Yancy, WS

Published Date

  • October 2020

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 27 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 255 - 260

PubMed ID

  • 32740047

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1752-2978

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/MED.0000000000000565


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England