Implementation of a Hepatic Artery Infusion Program: Initial Patient Selection and Perioperative Outcomes of Concurrent Hepatic Artery Infusion and Systemic Chemotherapy for Colorectal Liver Metastases.
BACKGROUND: Hepatic artery infusion (HAI) combined with systemic chemotherapy is a treatment strategy for patients with unresectable liver-only or liver-dominant colorectal liver metastases (CRLM). Although HAI has previously been performed in only a few centers, this study aimed to describe patient selection and initial perioperative outcomes during implementation of a new HAI program. METHODS: The study enrolled patients with CRLM selected for HAI after multi-disciplinary review November 2018-January 2020. Demographics, prior treatment, and perioperative outcomes were assessed. Objective hepatic response was calculated according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1. RESULTS: During a 14-month period, 21 patients with CRLM underwent HAI pump placement. Of these 21 patients, 20 (95%) had unresectable disease. Most of the patients had synchronous disease (n = 18, 86%) and had received prior chemotherapy (n = 20, 95%) with extended treatment cycles (median 16; interquartile range, 8-22; range, 0-66). The median number of CRLMs was 7 (range, 2-40). Operations often were performed with combined hepatectomy (n = 4, 19%) and/or colectomy/proctectomy (n = 11, 52%). The study had no 90-day mortality. The overall surgical morbidity was 19%. The HAI-specific complications included pump pocket seroma (n = 2), hematoma (n = 1), surgical-site infection (n = 1), and extrahepatic perfusion (n = 1). HAI was initiated in 20 patients (95%). The hepatic response rates at 3 months included partial response (n = 4, 24%), stable disease (n = 9, 53%), and progression of disease (n = 4, 24%), yielding a 3-month hepatic disease control rate (DCR) of 76%. CONCLUSION: Implementation of a new HAI program is feasible, and HAI can be delivered safely to selected patients with CRLM. The initial response and DCR are promising, even for patients heavily pretreated with chemotherapy.
Creasy, JM; Napier, KJ; Reed, SA; Zani, S; Wong, TZ; Kim, CY; Wildman-Tobriner, B; Strickler, JH; Hsu, SD; Uronis, HE; Allen, PJ; Lidsky, ME
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