Identifying host microRNAs in bronchoalveolar lavage samples from lung transplant recipients infected with Aspergillus.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs of ∼22 nucleotides that play a crucial role in post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression. Dysregulation of miRNA expression has been shown during microbial infections. We sought to identify miRNAs that distinguish invasive aspergillosis (IA) from non-IA in lung transplant recipients (LTRs). METHODS: We used NanoString nCounter Human miRNA, version 3, panel to measure miRNAs in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) samples from LTRs with Aspergillus colonization (ASP group) (n = 10), those with Aspergillus colonization and chronic lung allograft dysfunction (CLAD) (ASPCLAD group) (n = 7), those with IA without CLAD (IA group) (n = 10), those who developed IA with CLAD (IACLAD group) (n = 9), and control patients (controls) (n = 9). The miRNA profile was compared using the permutation test of 100,000 trials for each of the comparisons. We used mirDIP to obtain their gene targets and pathDIP to determine the pathway enrichment. RESULTS: We performed pairwise comparisons between patient groups to identify differentially expressed miRNAs. A total of 5 miRNAs were found to be specific to IA, including 4 (miR-145-5p, miR-424-5p, miR-99b-5p, and miR-4488) that were upregulated and the pair (miR-4454 + miR-7975) that was downregulated in IA group vs controls. The expression change for these miRNAs was specific to patients with IA; they were not significantly differentiated between IACLAD and IA groups. Signaling pathways associated with an immunologic response to IA were found to be significantly enriched. CONCLUSIONS: We report a set of 5 differentially expressed miRNAs in the BAL of LTRs with IA that might help in the development of diagnostic and prognostic tools for IA in LTRs. However, further investigation is needed in a larger cohort to validate the findings.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Gohir, W; Klement, W; Singer, LG; Palmer, SM; Mazzulli, T; Keshavjee, S; Husain, S

Published Date

  • November 2020

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 39 / 11

Start / End Page

  • 1228 - 1237

PubMed ID

  • 32771440

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1557-3117

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.healun.2020.07.014

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States