Murine Glucocorticoid Receptors Orchestrate B Cell Migration Selectively between Bone Marrow and Blood.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Glucocorticoids promote CXCR4 expression by T cells, monocytes, macrophages, and eosinophils, but it is not known if glucocorticoids regulate CXCR4 in B cells. Considering the important contributions of CXCR4 to B cell development and function, we investigated the glucocorticoid/CXCR4 axis in mice. We demonstrate that glucocorticoids upregulate CXCR4 mRNA and protein in mouse B cells. Using a novel strain of mice lacking glucocorticoid receptors (GRs) specifically in B cells, we show that reduced CXCR4 expression associated with GR deficiency results in impaired homing of mature B cells to bone marrow, whereas migration to other lymphoid tissues is independent of B cell GRs. The exchange of mature B cells between blood and bone marrow is sensitive to small, physiologic changes in glucocorticoid activity, as evidenced by the lack of circadian rhythmicity in GR-deficient B cell counts normally associated with diurnal patterns of glucocorticoid secretion. B cellGRKO mice mounted normal humoral responses to immunizations with T-dependent and T-independent (Type 1) Ags, but Ab responses to a multivalent T-independent (Type 2) Ag were impaired, a surprise finding considering the immunosuppressive properties commonly attributed to glucocorticoids. We propose that endogenous glucocorticoids regulate a dynamic mode of B cell migration specialized for rapid exchange between bone marrow and blood, perhaps as a means to optimize humoral immunity during diurnal periods of activity.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Cain, DW; Bortner, CD; Diaz-Jimenez, D; Petrillo, MG; Gruver-Yates, A; Cidlowski, JA

Published Date

  • August 1, 2020

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 205 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 619 - 629

PubMed ID

  • 32571841

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC7369236

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1550-6606

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.4049/jimmunol.1901135


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States