Bundling Forest Ecosystem Services for FSC Certification: An Analysis of Stakeholder Adaptability

Journal Article (Journal Article)

An expansion of Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) certification to forest ecosystem services (FES) is a potential tool to improve FES management. Certification of FES in bundles is an expected strategy because it could decrease trade-offs among FES, increase forest owners' incomes, and reduce certification costs per FES. However, there is insufficient evidence of which bundles FES would be most feasible to certify. This study assesses the adaptability of the FSC system to FES bundles through analyses of FES projects and surveys of FSC certification bodies, enabling partners, and certificate holders. Exploratory factor analysis and multiple correspondence analysis identified two bundles: 1) soil and watershed conservation and 2) cultural ecotourism with non-timber forest products or agricultural goods. These findings indicate potentially manageable FES bundles, given the current FSC system and FES projects, as well as some implementation challenges.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Jaung, W; Bull, GQ; Putzel, L; Kozak, R; Elliott, C

Published Date

  • December 1, 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 18 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 452 - 465

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1465-5489

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1505/146554816820127569

Citation Source

  • Scopus