The induction of tolerance of renal allografts by adoptive transfer in miniature swine.

Journal Article

Our previous in vitro data have demonstrated that regulatory mechanisms are involved in tolerance of class I-mismatched renal allografts in miniature swine treated with 12 days of high dose Cyclsporin A. In this study, we attempted to induce tolerance of class I-mismatched kidneys by adoptive transfer of cells and/or kidneys from long-term tolerant animals. Fifteen SLA(dd) miniature swine received 1.5 Gy whole body irradiation and class I-mismatched (SLA(gg) ) kidneys from naïve pigs with or without cotransplanted kidneys and/or adoptively transferred cells from long-term tolerant (LTT) SLA(dd) recipients of SLA(gg) grafts. In addition, three SLA(dd) miniature swine received class I mismatched kidney with adoptively transferred cells from LTT SLA(dd) recipients. Naïve kidneys transplanted without a LTT kidney were rejected within 9 days. All recipients of naive kidneys along with cells and kidney grafts from LTT animals showed markedly prolonged survival of the naive renal grafts (day 28, >150 and >150 days). These studies suggest that (1) tolerated kidneys have potent regulatory effects and (2) cells from LTT animals infused in conjunction with kidney grafts augment these regulatory effects. To our knowledge, these studies represent the first demonstration of successful adoptive transfer of tolerance in large animals.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Okumi, M; Scalea, JR; Gillon, BC; Tasaki, M; Villani, V; Cormack, T; Hirakata, A; Shimizu, A; Sachs, DH; Yamada, K

Published Date

  • May 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 13 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 1193 - 1202

PubMed ID

  • 23464595

Pubmed Central ID

  • 23464595

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1600-6143

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1600-6135

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/ajt.12194

Language

  • eng