Laparoscopic versus open ventral hernia repair in patients with chronic liver disease.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: Previous studies demonstrated laparoscopic ventral hernia repair (LVHR) to be associated with fewer short-term complications than open ventral hernia repair (OVHR). Little literature is available comparing LVHR and OVHR in chronic liver disease (CLD) patients. METHODS: Patients with model for end-stage liver disease score ≥9 who underwent elective ventral hernia repair in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Database were included. 30-day outcomes were compared between LVHR and OVHR after adjusting for hernia disease severity, baseline comorbidities and demographic factors. RESULTS: A total of 3594 ventral hernia repairs were included, 536 (14.9 %) of which were LVHR. After adjusting for other confounders, LVHR was associated with a lower incidence of wound-related complications (0.23, 95 % CI 0.07-0.74, p = 0.01), shorter length of stay (mean 3.7 vs. 5.0 days, p < 0.01) than OVHR, but similar systemic complications (p = 0.77), bleeding complications (p = 0.69), unplanned reoperation (p = 0.74) or readmission (p = 0.40). Propensity score-matched comparison showed similar conclusions. Five hundred and sixty-two patients had ascites, among whom 35 (6.2 %) underwent LVHR. In this subcohort, LVHR was associated with higher mortality (OR 5.36, 95 % CI 1.00-28.60, p = 0.05), systemic complications (OR 7.03, 95 % CI 2.06-24.00, p < 0.01), and unplanned reoperation (OR 6.03, 95 % CI 1.51-24.12, p = 0.01) than OVHR. CONCLUSIONS: In comparison with OVHR, LVHR is associated with similar short-term outcomes except for lower wound-related complications and shorter length of stay in CLD patients. However, when patients have ascites, LVHR is associated with higher mortality, systemic complications, and unplanned reoperation.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Juo, Y-Y; Skancke, M; Holzmacher, J; Amdur, RL; Lin, PP; Vaziri, K

Published Date

  • February 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 31 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 769 - 777

PubMed ID

  • 27334967

Pubmed Central ID

  • 27334967

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1432-2218

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s00464-016-5031-6

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • Germany