Optimizing sampling rate of wrist-worn optical sensors for physiologic monitoring.
Personalized medicine has exposed wearable sensors as new sources of biomedical data which are expected to accrue annual data storage costs of approximately $7.2 trillion by 2020 (>2000 exabytes). To improve the usability of wearable devices in healthcare, it is necessary to determine the minimum amount of data needed for accurate health assessment.
Here, we present a generalizable optimization framework for determining the minimum necessary sampling rate for wearable sensors and apply our method to determine optimal optical blood volume pulse sampling rate. We implement t
-tests, Bland-Altman analysis, and regression-based visualizations to identify optimal sampling rates of wrist-worn optical sensors.
We determine the optimal sampling rate of wrist-worn optical sensors for heart rate and heart rate variability monitoring to be 21-64 Hz, depending on the metric.
Determining the optimal sampling rate allows us to compress biomedical data and reduce storage needs and financial costs. We have used optical heart rate sensors as a case study for the connection between data volumes and resource requirements to develop methodology for determining the optimal sampling rate for clinical relevance that minimizes resource utilization. This methodology is extensible to other wearable sensors.
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