Comparison of referral methods into a smoking cessation program.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Rational, aims & objectives: The goal of this observational study was to compare three referral methods and determine which led to the highest utilization of the Duke Smoking Cessation Program (DSCP). Materials & methods: We conducted two assessments within the Duke health system: a 12-month assessment of Traditional Referral (a provider refers a patient during a patient visit) and Best Practice Advisory (BPA) (a provider refers a patient after responding to an alert within the electronic health record); and a 30-day assessment of Population Outreach (a list of smokers is generated through the electronic health record and patients are contacted directly). Results: Over the 12-month assessment, a total of 13,586 smokers were seen throughout health system clinics receiving services from the DSCP. During this period, the service utilization rate was significantly higher for Traditional Referral (3.8%) than for BPA (0.6%); p < 0.005. The 30-day pilot assessment of showed a service utilization rate for Population Outreach of 6.3%, significantly higher than Traditional Referral (3.8%); p < 0.005 and BPA (0.6%; p < 0.005). Conclusion: Population Outreach appears to be an effective referral method for increasing utilization of the DSCP.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Davis, JM; Thomas, LC; Dirkes, JE; Datta, SK; Dennis, PA

Published Date

  • August 2020

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 9 / 11

Start / End Page

  • 807 - 815

PubMed ID

  • 32795088

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2042-6313

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.2217/cer-2020-0004


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England