Management of Blood Product Market Withdrawals - A Single Institution's Process and Experience.
OBJECTIVE: While lookback investigations follow specific Food and Drug Administration (FDA) requirements, the management of blood product market withdrawals from suppliers varies widely. Follow-up data are limited, prompting this analysis of the types and reasons for recipient notification and their outcomes. METHODS: A single institution retrospective review of market withdrawal and lookback files from 2012-2015 included product type, reason, FDA category, notification, and turnaround time. Descriptive statistics and chi-square analysis were performed. RESULTS: Over 4 years, 796/229,549 (0.35%) blood components were implicated in supplier notifications, including market withdrawals (84.3%) and lookbacks (15.7%). Seventy-nine cases resulted in patient notification. 97% of patient notifications were achieved within 3 months. Plasma with human leukocyte antigen antibodies was the most common reason for withdrawal (20.5%). Category 1 notifications were the most commonly reported by this transfusion service, apart from in 2015 when category 4 notifications were highest. Over four years, the proportion of notifications by category remained relatively stable. CONCLUSIONS: Market withdrawal investigations involve significant effort to review, document, and appropriately notify. Standardized management and centralized reporting of recipient notification of market withdrawals may improve this process.
Jug, R; Bandarenko, N; Poisson, J
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