Management and Appropriate Use of Diazoxide in Infants and Children with Hyperinsulinism.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of hypoglycemia and the use of diazoxide have risen in the last decade. Diazoxide is the only Food and Drug Agency-approved pharmacologic treatment for neonatal hypoglycemia caused by hyperinsulinism (HI). Recent publications have highlighted that diazoxide has serious adverse effects (AEs) such as pulmonary hypertension (2-3%) and neutropenia (15%). Despite its increasing use, there is little information regarding dosing of diazoxide and/or monitoring for AEs. METHODS: We convened a working group of pediatric endocrinologists who were members of the Drug and Therapeutics Committee of the Pediatric Endocrine Society (PES) to review the available literature. Our committee sent a survey to its PES members regarding the use of diazoxide in their endocrine practices. Our review of the results concluded that there was substantial heterogeneity in usage and monitoring for AEs for diazoxide among pediatric endocrinologists. CONCLUSIONS: Based on our extensive literature review and on the lack of consensus regarding use of diazoxide noted in our PES survey, our group graded the evidence using the framework of the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation Working Group, and has proposed expert consensus practice guidelines for the appropriate use of diazoxide in infants and children with HI. We summarized the information on AEs reported to date and have provided practical ideas for dosing and monitoring for AEs in infants treated with diazoxide.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Brar, PC; Heksch, R; Cossen, K; De Leon, DD; Kamboj, MK; Marks, SD; Marshall, BA; Miller, R; Page, L; Stanley, T; Mitchell, D; Thornton, P

Published Date

  • December 1, 2020

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 105 / 12

PubMed ID

  • 32810255

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1945-7197

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1210/clinem/dgaa543


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States