Two-stage Dynamic Deregulation of Metabolism Improves Process Robustness & Scalability in Engineered E. coli
Abstract We report improved strain and bioprocess robustness as a result of the dynamic deregulation of central metabolism using two-stage dynamic control. Dynamic control is implemented using combinations of CRISPR interference and controlled proteolysis to reduce levels of central metabolic enzymes in the context of a standardized two-stage bioprocesses. Reducing the levels of key enzymes alters metabolite pools resulting in deregulation of the metabolic network. The deregulated network is more robust to environmental conditions improving process robustness, which in turn leads to predictable scalability from high throughput small scale screens to fully instrumented bioreactors as well as to pilot scale production. Additionally, as these two-stage bioprocesses are standardized, a need for traditional process optimization is minimized. Predictive high throughput approaches that translate to larger scales are critical for metabolic engineering programs to truly take advantage of the rapidly increasing throughput and decreasing costs of synthetic biology. In this work we demonstrate that the improved robustness of E. coli strains engineered for the improved scalability of the important industrial chemicals alanine, citramalate and xylitol, from microtiter plates to pilot reactors.
Ye, Z; Li, S; Hennigan, J; Lebeau, J; Moreb, E; Wolf, J; Lynch, M
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