Language endangerment: Diversity and specificities of native American languages of Oklahoma

Book Section

Native American languages have faced more than half a millennium of decline, and efforts at revitalization and revival have drawn the attention of scholars, community leaders, and policymakers from around the country and world. With one of the highest numbers of federally recognized Native American tribes, a large number of Native American languages, and one of the highest proportions of Native American language speakers, Oklahoma presents a perfect case study for examining the causes and effects of Native American language decline as well as the successes and limitations of revitalization programs. Drawing on Fishman's Expanded Graded Intergenerational Disruption Scale, and discussing the theory of language ideology, this article argues that for many Oklahoma tribes, the goals of language remediation may be starkly different from what non-native linguists and anthropologists prescribe for them. Though this study finds some examples of relative growth and success in Native American language revitalization and a shift in the language policies of the state of Oklahoma, it ultimately rests with each Native American community to decide for itself what constitutes success given its contextual and demographic limitations.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Chiocca, ES

Published Date

  • October 22, 2019

Volume / Issue

  • 1 /

Book Title

  • Handbook of the Changing World Language Map

Start / End Page

  • 1607 - 1626

International Standard Book Number 13 (ISBN-13)

  • 9783030024376

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/978-3-030-02438-3_19

Citation Source

  • Scopus