Extrinsic Rewards Diminish Costly Sharing in 3-Year-Olds.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Two studies investigated the influence of external rewards and social praise in young children's fairness-related behavior. The motivation of ninety-six 3-year-olds' to equalize unfair resource allocations was measured in three scenarios (collaboration, windfall, and dictator game) following three different treatments (material reward, verbal praise, and neutral response). In all scenarios, children's willingness to engage in costly sharing was negatively influenced when they had received a reward for equal sharing during treatment than when they had received praise or no reward. The negative effect of material rewards was not due to subjects responding in kind to their partner's termination of rewards. These results provide new evidence for the intrinsic motivation of prosociality-in this case, costly sharing behavior-in preschool children.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Ulber, J; Hamann, K; Tomasello, M

Published Date

  • July 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 87 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 1192 - 1203

PubMed ID

  • 27084549

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1467-8624

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0009-3920

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/cdev.12534

Language

  • eng