Young children care more about their reputation with ingroup members and potential reciprocators.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Human cooperation depends on individuals caring about their reputation, and so they sometimes attempt to manage them strategically. Here we show that even 5-year-old children strategically manage their reputation. In an experimental setting, children shared significantly more resources with an anonymous recipient when (1) the child watching them could reciprocate later, and (2) the child watching them was an ingroup rather than an outgroup member (as established by minimal group markers). This study is not only the first to show that young children selectively invest in their reputation with specific individuals, but also the first to show that we care more about our reputation with ingroup than with outgroup members.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Engelmann, JM; Over, H; Herrmann, E; Tomasello, M

Published Date

  • November 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 16 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 952 - 958

PubMed ID

  • 24118719

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1467-7687

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1363-755X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/desc.12086


  • eng