Does the chimpanzee have a theory of mind? 30 years later.

Journal Article (Review;Journal Article)

On the 30th anniversary of Premack and Woodruff's seminal paper asking whether chimpanzees have a theory of mind, we review recent evidence that suggests in many respects they do, whereas in other respects they might not. Specifically, there is solid evidence from several different experimental paradigms that chimpanzees understand the goals and intentions of others, as well as the perception and knowledge of others. Nevertheless, despite several seemingly valid attempts, there is currently no evidence that chimpanzees understand false beliefs. Our conclusion for the moment is, thus, that chimpanzees understand others in terms of a perception-goal psychology, as opposed to a full-fledged, human-like belief-desire psychology.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Call, J; Tomasello, M

Published Date

  • May 2008

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 12 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 187 - 192

PubMed ID

  • 18424224

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1879-307X

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1364-6613

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.tics.2008.02.010

Language

  • eng