Cooperative activities in young children and chimpanzees.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Human children 18-24 months of age and 3 young chimpanzees interacted in 4 cooperative activities with a human adult partner. The human children successfully participated in cooperative problem-solving activities and social games, whereas the chimpanzees were uninterested in the social games. As an experimental manipulation, in each task the adult partner stopped participating at a specific point during the activity. All children produced at least one communicative attempt to reengage him, perhaps suggesting that they were trying to reinstate a shared goal. No chimpanzee ever made any communicative attempt to reengage the partner. These results are interpreted as evidence for a uniquely human form of cooperative activity involving shared intentionality that emerges in the second year of life.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Warneken, F; Chen, F; Tomasello, M

Published Date

  • May 2006

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 77 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 640 - 663

PubMed ID

  • 16686793

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1467-8624

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0009-3920

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2006.00895.x

Language

  • eng