Five-factor personality traits and age trajectories of self-rated health: the role of question framing.


Journal Article

We examined the influence of personality traits on mean levels and age trends in 4 single-item measures of self-rated health: general rating, comparison to age peers, comparison to past health, and expectations for future health. Community-dwelling participants (N = 1,683) completed 7,474 self-rated health assessments over a period of up to 19 years. In hierarchical linear modeling analyses, age-associated declines differed across the 4 health items. Across age groups, high Neuroticism and low Conscientiousness, low Extraversion, and low Openness were associated with worse health ratings, with notable differences across the 4 health items. Furthermore, high Neuroticism predicted steeper declines in health ratings involving temporal comparisons. We consider theoretical implications regarding the mechanisms behind associations among personality traits and self-rated health.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Löckenhoff, CE; Terracciano, A; Ferrucci, L; Costa, PT

Published Date

  • April 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 80 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 375 - 401

PubMed ID

  • 21299558

Pubmed Central ID

  • 21299558

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1467-6494

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2011.00724.x


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States