Influence of extraversion and neuroticism on subjective well-being: happy and unhappy people.

Published

Journal Article

Three studies are reported that examine the relations between personality and happiness or subjective well-being. It is argued that (a) one set of traits influences positive affect or satisfaction, whereas a different set of traits influences negative affect or dissatisfaction; (b) the former set of traits can be reviewed as components of extraversion, and the latter as components of neuroticism; and (c) personality differences antedate and predict differences in happiness over a period of 10 years, thus ruling out the rival hypothesis that temporary moods or states account for the observed relations. A model of individual differences in happiness is presented, and the separate and complementary roles of trait and adaptation-level theories in explaining happiness are discussed.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Costa, PT; McCrae, RR

Published Date

  • April 1980

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 38 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 668 - 678

PubMed ID

  • 7381680

Pubmed Central ID

  • 7381680

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-3514

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1037//0022-3514.38.4.668

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States