The cross-cultural generalizability of Axis-II constructs: an evaluation of two personality disorder assessment instruments in the People's Republic of China.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

We examined the reliability, cross-instrument validity, and factor structure of Chinese adaptations of the Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire (PDQ-4+; N = 1,926) and Personality Disorders Interview (PDI-IV; N = 525) in psychiatric patients. Comparisons with data from Western countries suggest that the psychometric properties of these two instruments are comparable across cultures. Low to modest agreement between the PDQ-4+ and PDI-IV was observed for both dimensional and categorical personality disorder evaluations. When the PDI-IV was used as the diagnostic standard, the PDQ-4+ showed higher sensitivity than specificity, and higher negative predictive power than positive predictive power. Factor analyses of both instruments replicated the four-factor structure O'Connor and Dyce (1998) found in Western samples. Results suggested that conceptions and measures of DSM-IV personality disorders are cross-culturally generalizable to Chinese psychiatric populations.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Yang, J; McCrae, RR; Costa, PT; Yao, S; Dai, X; Cai, T; Gao, B

Published Date

  • 2000

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 14 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 249 - 263

PubMed ID

  • 11019748

Pubmed Central ID

  • 11019748

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0885-579X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1521/pedi.2000.14.3.249


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States